WASHINGTON (NewsNation) — Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Center for Disease Control) issued a warning Friday about the spread of a strain of Shigella bacteria that appears to be resistant to antibiotics.
In 2022, about 5% of shigellosis infections were drug-resistant, or XDR, compared with zero reported cases of resistant infections in 2015, according to the CDC.
CDC alert says that shigellosis usually causes inflammatory diarrhea that can be bloody and can also lead to fever and abdominal cramps.
“It lasts about five to seven days,” said Janet Hill, chief operating officer of the Rock Island County Health Department. WHBF. “It has to be confirmed by a lab test, and it’s a nationally notifiable disease, so the CDC is sounding the alarm because there’s been an increase in cases across the country.”
According to the CDC, the bacteria is spread through contact with feces and mouth, from person to person, and through sexual activity.
Shigellosis usually affects young children ages 1-4 in the U.S., but the CDC has seen an increase in the following groups:
- Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men
- People experiencing homelessness
- Frequent international travelers
- People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
While most people with diarrheal illness need only “supportive treatment and fluid replacement,” the CDC said health care providers should consult with specialists to “determine the best treatment plan.”
“Most cases don’t require antibiotic treatment, usually it’s just a matter of waiting and it can be five to seven days of pretty miserable conditions,” Hill said. “This particular strain has shown some resistance to antibiotics, which is another reminder that if you are prescribed an antibiotic, it is very important to take it as directed for the entire working day your doctor has told you.”
To avoid contamination or the spread of bacteria, CDC recommends wash your hands with soap and water, especially in the following cases:
- Before any sexual activity
- Before cooking or eating
- After going to the bathroom, changing diapers, or cleaning up after someone who has gone to the bathroom
“If your diarrhea lasts longer than usual, or if it’s bloody or accompanied by severe stomach cramps, see your doctor to determine if it’s normal norovirus or if it’s shigellosis,” Hill explained.
The CDC also recommended that health care workers report all confirmed cases to their local health department.
In 2015, the agency issued a a warning regarding drug-resistant Shigella that have begun to spread in the United States brought in by foreign travelers.
In accordance with CBSAuthorities have warned of an outbreak affecting hundreds of people returning to the US and Europe after vacationing in Cape Verde resorts. The UK has also recently reported a large number of cases across the country.
Earlier this month, health officials in Colorado confirmed that they were monitoring Shigella cases, KSRM reports to Nexstar. The CDC has not yet said where in the U.S. other cases have been confirmed