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HomeGeorgia & USAFifty years after Nixon's visit, US-China ties are as difficult as ever

Fifty years after Nixon’s visit, US-China ties are as difficult as ever

BEIJING – In the midst of the Cold War, US President Richard Nixon flew to the center of power of communist China on a visit that will eventually change US-China relations and China’s position in the world in ways that were unthinkable at the time.

Relations between China and the United States have always been a challenge, and after half a century of ups and downs they are harder than ever. The Cold War is long over, but both sides have fears new can begin. Despite China’s repeated refusals, America worries that the democratic world that defeated the Soviet Union could be challenged the authoritarian model of a powerful and still growing China.

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“US-China relations have always been controversial but necessary,” said Ariana Skylar Mastra, a Chinese expert at Stanford University. “Perhaps 50 years ago the reasons were mostly economic. Now they are mostly in the security field. But relationships are never – and never will be – easy. “

Nixon landed in Beijing on a gray winter morning 50 years ago on Monday. Billboards featured slogans such as “Down with American Imperialism,” part of a coup during the Cultural Revolution that drove intellectuals and other people to the countryside and subjected many to public humiliation and brutal and even deadly attacks in the name of class struggle.

Nixon’s 1972 visit, which included meetings with Chairman Mao Zedong and a visit to the Great Wall, led to the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1979 and a parallel severance of official ties with Taiwan, which the United States recognized as China’s government after the Communists came to power in Beijing. 1949.

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Prime Minister Zhou Enlai’s translator wrote in his memoirs that, as far as he remembers, Nixon said, “This hand stretches across the Pacific in friendship,” when he shook Zhou’s hand at the airport.

For both parties, it was a friendship born of circumstances, not a natural attachment.

China and the Soviet Union, former communist allies, split and even clashed on their border in 1969, and Mao saw the United States as a potential counterweight to any threat of Soviet invasion.

Nixon, embroiled in the Watergate scandal at home, sought to isolate the Soviet Union and emerge from the protracted and bloody Vietnam War that divided American society. He expressed hope that China, an ally of communist North Vietnam in a US-backed battle with the South, could play a role in resolving the conflict.

The president of the United States has put himself “in the position of petitioner to Beijing,” said Jun Teifel Dreyer, a Chinese policy specialist at the University of Miami. Chinese state media promoted the idea that “a prosperous China will be a peaceful China” and that the country is a huge market for American exports, she said.

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It will be decades before that happens. First, the United States has become a huge market for China, which has contributed to the rapid rise of the latter from a poor country to the second largest economy in the world.

Nixon’s visit was “a key event that marked the beginning of China’s outward turn and subsequent growth on a global scale,” said Dali Yang of the University of Chicago, author of numerous books on Chinese politics and economics.

Two years after Mao’s death in 1976, new leader Deng Xiaoping ushered in an era of partial economic liberalization, creating a mixture of state capitalism and one-party rule that has survived to this day.

China’s wealth has made it possible significant expansion of his armythat the U.S. and its allies see the threat. The Communist Party says it is only trying to defend its territory. This includes, however, an attempt to control the islands, which are also claimed by Japan in the East China Sea and the countries of Southeast Asia in the South China Sea, where important waterways and natural resources are located.

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The military is sending more and more warplanes on training missions to Taiwan, which is a source of friction with the United States. China claims a self-governing island off its east coast as its territory. The United States is supplying military equipment to Taiwan and is warning China against any attempts to seize it by force.

However, Nixon’s trip to China was then touted as a landmark foreign policy achievement by the administration that ended in disgrace with Watergate.

Rana Mitter, a professor of Chinese history and modern politics at Oxford University, said starting China’s return to international organization was the right move, but the last half century had not yet increased relations on a stable path.

“The United States and China have not yet been able to figure out exactly how they will both fit into a world where they both play their part, but they are finding it increasingly difficult to adapt to each other,” he said.

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Chinese officials and scholars view Nixon’s visit as a time when the two countries sought to communicate and understand each other despite differences. Zhu Feng, dean of the School of International Studies at Nanjing University, said the same approach is key to overcoming the current stalemate.

“The commemoration of Nixon’s visit tells us whether we can draw our strength from history,” he said.

Although his trip to China gave the United States leverage to compete during the Cold War with the Soviet Union, America is now facing a new geopolitical landscape – echoes of the past.

There is no Soviet Union, and Russian and Chinese leaders Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping remain find a common cause if they give up U.S. pressure because of their authoritarian ways. The war in Vietnam is over, but America once again feels that its society is divided, this time through a reaction to the pandemic and the recent presidential election.

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US President Joe Biden has said he wants more predictability relations with China but major differences in trade and human rights issues make mutual understanding elusive. The prospect of long-term stability in relations caused by Nixon’s visit seems increasingly unattainable.

“Sino-US relations are terrible,” said Xiong Zhion, a professor of international relations at China’s University of Foreign Affairs. “Indeed, there are people who are hoping for better relations, but this is very difficult to achieve.”

___

Associated Press researcher Yu Bin contributed.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or distributed without permission.

Reported by Source link

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Fifty years after Nixon’s visit, US-China ties are as difficult as ever

BEIJING – In the midst of the Cold War, US President Richard Nixon flew to the center of power of communist China on a visit that will eventually change US-China relations and China’s position in the world in ways that were unthinkable at the time.

Relations between China and the United States have always been a challenge, and after half a century of ups and downs they are harder than ever. The Cold War is long over, but both sides have fears new can begin. Despite China’s repeated refusals, America worries that the democratic world that defeated the Soviet Union could be challenged the authoritarian model of a powerful and still growing China.

Advertising

“US-China relations have always been controversial but necessary,” said Ariana Skylar Mastra, a Chinese expert at Stanford University. “Perhaps 50 years ago the reasons were mostly economic. Now they are mostly in the security field. But relationships are never – and never will be – easy. “

Nixon landed in Beijing on a gray winter morning 50 years ago on Monday. Billboards featured slogans such as “Down with American Imperialism,” part of a coup during the Cultural Revolution that drove intellectuals and other people to the countryside and subjected many to public humiliation and brutal and even deadly attacks in the name of class struggle.

Nixon’s 1972 visit, which included meetings with Chairman Mao Zedong and a visit to the Great Wall, led to the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1979 and a parallel severance of official ties with Taiwan, which the United States recognized as China’s government after the Communists came to power in Beijing. 1949.

Advertising

Prime Minister Zhou Enlai’s translator wrote in his memoirs that, as far as he remembers, Nixon said, “This hand stretches across the Pacific in friendship,” when he shook Zhou’s hand at the airport.

For both parties, it was a friendship born of circumstances, not a natural attachment.

China and the Soviet Union, former communist allies, split and even clashed on their border in 1969, and Mao saw the United States as a potential counterweight to any threat of Soviet invasion.

Nixon, embroiled in the Watergate scandal at home, sought to isolate the Soviet Union and emerge from the protracted and bloody Vietnam War that divided American society. He expressed hope that China, an ally of communist North Vietnam in a US-backed battle with the South, could play a role in resolving the conflict.

The president of the United States has put himself “in the position of petitioner to Beijing,” said Jun Teifel Dreyer, a Chinese policy specialist at the University of Miami. Chinese state media promoted the idea that “a prosperous China will be a peaceful China” and that the country is a huge market for American exports, she said.

Advertising

It will be decades before that happens. First, the United States has become a huge market for China, which has contributed to the rapid rise of the latter from a poor country to the second largest economy in the world.

Nixon’s visit was “a key event that marked the beginning of China’s outward turn and subsequent growth on a global scale,” said Dali Yang of the University of Chicago, author of numerous books on Chinese politics and economics.

Two years after Mao’s death in 1976, new leader Deng Xiaoping ushered in an era of partial economic liberalization, creating a mixture of state capitalism and one-party rule that has survived to this day.

China’s wealth has made it possible significant expansion of his armythat the U.S. and its allies see the threat. The Communist Party says it is only trying to defend its territory. This includes, however, an attempt to control the islands, which are also claimed by Japan in the East China Sea and the countries of Southeast Asia in the South China Sea, where important waterways and natural resources are located.

Advertising

The military is sending more and more warplanes on training missions to Taiwan, which is a source of friction with the United States. China claims a self-governing island off its east coast as its territory. The United States is supplying military equipment to Taiwan and is warning China against any attempts to seize it by force.

However, Nixon’s trip to China was then touted as a landmark foreign policy achievement by the administration that ended in disgrace with Watergate.

Rana Mitter, a professor of Chinese history and modern politics at Oxford University, said starting China’s return to international organization was the right move, but the last half century had not yet increased relations on a stable path.

“The United States and China have not yet been able to figure out exactly how they will both fit into a world where they both play their part, but they are finding it increasingly difficult to adapt to each other,” he said.

Advertising

Chinese officials and scholars view Nixon’s visit as a time when the two countries sought to communicate and understand each other despite differences. Zhu Feng, dean of the School of International Studies at Nanjing University, said the same approach is key to overcoming the current stalemate.

“The commemoration of Nixon’s visit tells us whether we can draw our strength from history,” he said.

Although his trip to China gave the United States leverage to compete during the Cold War with the Soviet Union, America is now facing a new geopolitical landscape – echoes of the past.

There is no Soviet Union, and Russian and Chinese leaders Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping remain find a common cause if they give up U.S. pressure because of their authoritarian ways. The war in Vietnam is over, but America once again feels that its society is divided, this time through a reaction to the pandemic and the recent presidential election.

Advertising

US President Joe Biden has said he wants more predictability relations with China but major differences in trade and human rights issues make mutual understanding elusive. The prospect of long-term stability in relations caused by Nixon’s visit seems increasingly unattainable.

“Sino-US relations are terrible,” said Xiong Zhion, a professor of international relations at China’s University of Foreign Affairs. “Indeed, there are people who are hoping for better relations, but this is very difficult to achieve.”

___

Associated Press researcher Yu Bin contributed.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or distributed without permission.

Reported by Source link

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