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What are the Pros and Cons of Defragmenting Your Computer?

What are the Pros and Cons of Defragmenting Your Computer?

Computers have become an integral part of people’s lives today. Almost everyone uses a Windows PC or Mac for numerous activities, such as working, storing, managing files, browsing the Internet, watching content, etc. Unfortunately, even though most computers feature top-notch components that provide exceptional performance, their efficiency may lessen due to years of continued usage. Therefore, every user, irrespective of how powerful a Mac or Windows PC they own, should follow and implement some methods to ensure that their device stays durable for longer. For example, users should keep their desktop or Mac as uncluttered as possible to ensure their system performs efficiently. Besides this, users should also keep defragging their device’s storage component to ensure its performance does not deteriorate.

According to Techopedia, Defragmentation refers to the process of consolidating scattered data files present on the hard drive of a computer. The majority of the time, when data is written to disk, files become fragmented, i.e., they get scattered. This often results in data becoming corrupt or inaccessible. Defragmentation brings different pieces of data together and facilitates improving the system’s overall performance. Moreover, it cleans system storage and facilitates users to store more files and apps on the system. This article will cover how users can perform defragmentation on their Macs and Windows PC and its numerous advantages and disadvantages. Let us begin:

Defragging Macs:

Since most Macs are fitted with top-notch components like a powerful chipset, a solid-state drive, and an efficient cooling system, they do not require defragmentation. Moreover, the highly-polished and efficient operating system of Macs, i.e., macOS, manages data stored on the devices very efficiently; thus, defragmentation is not necessary in most cases.

However, there may arise instances when Mac users need to defrag their system. For instance, if there is not enough storage space left, users may need to defrag their Macs. Even though most Macs do not require defragmentation, you can do it using a third-party defragmentation tool. However, if your Mac features an SSD, you should not defrag your Mac as it may harm your device’s internal storage component. Besides defragmentation, you can try other effective methods of solving issues, such as manually cleaning your Mac’s local storage drives, uninstalling apps, etc. To know more about how to defrag your Mac, visit https://setapp.com/how-to/how-to-defrag-a-mac.

Defragging Windows PC:

As opposed to Macs, Windows offers users numerous ways following which they can defrag their PC. In addition, the native defragmentation tool of Windows allows users to defrag their PCs easily. Here are the steps involved:

Step 1 – Type “defrag” in the taskbar’s search field.

Step 2 – Click on the “Defragment and Optimize Drives” option in the search results.

Step 3 – Choose the drives you wish to defrag and click on the “Optimize” button.

Pros and Cons of Defragmentation:

There are numerous advantages and disadvantages of defragmentation. Here is a detailed look at both of them:


  • Over time, numerous data chunks of different files get scattered throughout the system and accumulate to form a big block. This results in laggy and slow system performance. Defragmentation facilitates users to break the big data chunk and store and maintain their files in a neat and more organized manner.
  • If your Mac or Windows PC features a storage component with moving parts such as a hard disk drive, defragging it frequently can enhance its lifespan significantly.
  • Defragmentation also facilitates users to clean up storage space in an effective way. For instance, if several bits of data from deleted files are scattered all around your system, it may occupy more space than required. Defragging will collect all the data bits and get rid of them; thus, you will have more space on your Mac or PC.


  • Defragmentation takes a lot of time to complete, and hence, if you wish to clean your system’s disk space and enhance its performance quickly, defragmentation may not be the best option for you since it is a very time-consuming process. Moreover, it isn’t easy to use the system actively while defragmentation occurs. This can significantly limit the user’s productivity.
  • Defragmentation is a process that continues for a long time; thus, your computer needs to be on throughout the process. If for some reason, your computer shuts down during defragmentation, the majority of the files may get corrupted. Hence, defragmentation is a risky process.
  • Defragmentation worked wonders for orthodox hard disk drives. However, new and improved HDDs do not gain much from defragmentation as they are more optimized for managing files efficiently. Moreover, SSDs with no physically-moving parts do not require defragmentation. Hence, defragging is an obsolete practice on most devices.

Defragmentation is still used by tons of people all across the globe to enhance their system’s performance. If you wish to maximize your computer’s performance and wish to try defragmentation, refer to this detailed guide for a smooth and seamless experience.